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This year’s WorldRiskReport focusing on water supply was published by Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft and the Institute for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict (IFHV) of the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB), Germany, mid-September 2019. It states that with record-breaking temperatures around the world and increasing droughts, climate change can already be seen as exacerbating water supply problems and thus increasing the vulnerability of societies.
The authors point out that the challenges and the associated short-term and long-term need for action remain urgent and great: from water shortages and climate change to the sanitation crisis and the privatisation of water. They provide an overview on the current water situation across the world and provide recommendations for action.
An essential part of the report is the annual WorldRiskIndex calculated by the IFHV. It indicates the respective risk of an extreme natural event leading to a disaster for 180 countries. With this data, the report examines eight more countries than in the previous year.
The WorldRiskIndex considers a country’s exposure to extreme natural events as well as its societal vulnerability. The three countries with the highest disaster risk are the tropical island states of Vanuatu, Antigua and Barbuda, and Tonga. Overall, the states with the highest disaster risk are concentrated in Oceania, Southeast Asia, Central America, and West and Central Africa. Africa is the continent with the highest societal vulnerability, followed by Asia and America while Europe is the continent with the lowest disaster risk.
(Bündnis Entwicklung hilft/IFHV RUB/ile)
Read more and download the WorldRiskReport 2019 at weltrisikobericht.de/english-2/