Antibiotics are one of the most important aids to human and animal health.
Photo: ©FAO/Giulio Napolitano

22.11.2018

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Careless use of antibiotics leads to resistance in bacteria which no drugs can then help with. After 15 years of fighting antibiotic resistance WHO, FAO and OIE decided in 2015 to form a Tripartite Pact to promote their common concern, “One Health”. Human and animal health can only be ensured by physicians and veterinarians if antibiotics are used more carefully.

At the end of October 2018, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) convened an international conference in Morocco. The background is the second OIE report for 2017 on the use of antibiotics. This showed that 98-97 mg of antibiotics were used worldwide for each kilogramme of live weight, rising to 134.31 mg/kg at the upper end of the range.

In 2017, the three parties, World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and OIE, presented a new concept for healthcare and health management. The issue of “antibiotics” has since been more broadly drawn, and is also being tracked by the UN Environment Programme as a member of Tripartite Plus. Through excrement, antibiotics enter the environment and ultimately return to the food chain.

“We need to be faster,” says Sally Davis from the Coordination Group of the four organisations, formed by the UN. The Global Action Plan drawn up in 2015 needs to be linked to the sustainability goals.

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