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The world’s population is expected to reach nearly 10 billion by 2050. With this projection in mind, a new report outlines a 5-course ‘Menu of Solutions’ to achieve a sustainable food future.

The global food system must undergo urgent change to ensure there is adequate food for everyone without destroying the planet, according to The World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future published mid-July 2019. The report was produced by the World Resources Institute (WRI) in partnership with the World Bank, UN Environment (UNEP), UN Development Programme (UNDP), the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) and the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA).

The report reveals that meeting the challenge of a growing world population will require closing three gaps: 

  • a 56 per cent “food gap” between what was produced in 2010 and food that will be needed in 2050;
  • a nearly 600 million-hectare “land gap” (an area nearly twice the size of India) between the global agricultural land area in 2010 and expected agricultural expansion by 2050;
  • an 11-gigaton “greenhouse-gas-mitigation gap” between expected emissions from agriculture in 2050 and the level needed to meet the Paris Agreement.

To close the gaps, the report urges significant adjustments in the production of food as well as changes in people’s consumption.

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