05.09.2019

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A new report shows the great potential of genetic improvements in aquaculture. According to the authors, this could significantly boost sustainable food supply for future generations.

The report The State of the World's Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture reviews the use of aquatic genetic resources both in capture fisheries and in aquaculture, in areas under national jurisdiction. It was published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in late August 2019.

Wider, appropriate and long-term application of genetic improvement in aquaculture, with a focus on selective breeding, will help boost food production and in this way meet a projected increase in demand for fish and fish products with relatively little extra feed, land, water and other inputs, the report says. It is based on information provided by 92 countries, together representing 96 per cent of global aquaculture production and over 80 per cent of capture fisheries production.

Aquaculture production could be significantly enhanced

Aquaculture is lagging far behind terrestrial agriculture - both cropping and livestock - in terms of the characterisation, domestication and improvement of its genetic resources for food production.

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