Up to 80 per cent of deforestation is due to the expansion of agriculture.
Photo: Andreas Brede/GIZ

22.01.2019

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In the context of its programme for sustainable agricultural supply chains and standards, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit pursues a Jurisdictional Approach. The interventions in this approach are not oriented on geographical delineations but on political and administrative borders such as those of districts or regions.

Forests provide a livelihood basis for more than 1.6 billion people. However, this basis is threatened, especially in the tropics. Alone over the last 50 years, more than half of the tropical rainforest has been lost. Estimates indicate that in some areas, up to 80 per cent of deforestation can be traced back to agriculture.

For this reason, in agreements such as the United Nations New York Declaration and the Amsterdam Declaration, the international community has committed itself to measures to counter this development. Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) has also contributed to efforts, and already in 2016, it commissioned Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) to draw up and test a concept for deforestation-free supply chains.

The concept is based on a “Jurisdictional Approach (J/A)”, which evolved from the landscape approach. Unlike the latter, it is not oriented on geographical delineations, such as those of a watershed, but on administrative units, for instance a district, a region or a province.

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