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Vulnerability to extreme natural hazards appears to have decreased over the last few years, according to the WorldRiskReport. However, threats owing to weather extremes are on the increase.

The WorldRiskReport 2017 was presented at the Bonn Climate Conference in November 2017. Since 2011, the WorldRiskReport has been published annually by Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft, and the WorldRiskIndex it contains was developed together with the Institute for Environment and Human Security of the United Nations University (UNU-EHS).

The WorldRiskIndex states the average risk of an extreme natural event leading to a disaster in a total of 171 countries. Risk is calculated by multiplying a society’s exposure to natural hazards by its vulnerability.  In the Index, vulnerability consists of the three components susceptibility, lack of coping capacities and lack of adaptive capacities.

This year’s WorldRiskReport contains a five-year analysis of the WorldRiskIndex. The global disaster hotspots are located in Central America, West and Central Africa, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. Out of the 15 countries highest at risk world-wide, eight are island nations, while the rest have long coastlines.

Climate extremes were expected to occur more frequently in the future

“Our analyses in 2017 demonstrate that vulnerability to extreme natural events has decreased on a global scale.

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