And agricultural practices, IPES-FOOD argues, are undermining ecosystems and their potential to deliver services such as controlling soil erosion or purifying water.

Peasant Food Web versus Industrial Food Chain

IPES-FOOD claims that the implementation of the 2030 Agenda “has been dominated by a distressing narrative about the urgent need to leverage private sector engagement, investments and resources”. It questions whether big agribusiness offers the solution to hunger, malnutrition and climate change and refers to a comparison of the “Peasant Food Web” and the “Industrial Food Chain” by the ETC Group, the Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration. The “Web” comprises small-scale producers ranging from farmers and pastoralists to fishers and urban producers. The “Chain” consists of a sequence of links from the production of inputs such as seeds and fertilisers to grocery retailers, and stands for the corporate food system.

The ETC Group points out that the Web is a key source of food for 70 per cent of the world’s population and produces 70 per cent of the world’s food in calories and weight.