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Today, 2.8 billion people still rely on biomass, coal and kerosene for cooking, roughly the same number as in 2000, according to the report.

Despite an increasing awareness of the health, human and environmental costs associated with these fuels, 2.3 billion people remain without clean-cooking access in 2030, with 2.5 million people dying prematurely each year as result of household air pollution.

The report presents an “Energy for All” case showing that providing universal access by 2030 would require an investment of USD 31 billion per year, equivalent to less than 2 per cent of global energy investment.

The overwhelming majority of this extra investment would need to be directed to sub-Saharan Africa, and most of it to renewables. The investment required for clean-cooking facilities, including liquefied petroleum gas, is modest and amounts to less than one-tenth of the total.

Download Energy Access Outlook: from Poverty to Prosperity (IEA/ile)

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