It highlights the associated costs and benefits of such a strategy, underscoring the central role of energy in meeting human and economic development goals.

Asia is making progress, sub-Saharan Africa is lacking behind

Developing countries in Asia are making significant progress, according to the report. Many countries in the region are well on track to reach universal energy access by 2030, while India is on course to reach that goal by the early 2020s.  Despite this progress, 674 million people are set to remain without electricity access in 2030, 90 per cent of them living in sub-Saharan Africa.

While fossil fuels, mainly coal, have been the primary new sources for electricity access since 2000, renewables are catching up quickly, providing more than a third of new connections in the last five years.  This shift is expected to accelerate in coming years, and by 2030 renewables are set to provide new electricity access for three-in-five people, according to the analysis.

Clean cooking is still out of reach

Unlike electricity, improved access to clean-cooking facilities remains elusive.