African Economic Outlook 2023

This report highlights the important role of Africa’s huge natural capital and underscores the urgency to step up fast-track climate action and green transitions to drive the continent’s inclusive and sustainable development.

Africa is set to be the second-fastest growing region in the world after Asia in 2023-24, demonstrating the resilience of its economy despite its having to deal with multiple global shocks. But the projected growth will depend on global conditions and the continent’s ability to bolster its economic resilience, according to the African Economic Outlook 2023, which focuses on Mobilizing Private Sector Financing for Climate and Green Growth

The report, launched in May 2023, forecasts that Africa will consolidate its post-Covid-19 pandemic recovery to 4.3 per cent GDP growth in 2024 from 3.8 per cent in 2022. Some 22 countries will record growth rates above 5 per cent, it says.

It recommends robust policy actions, including incentivising green industries and providing guarantees at scale to de-risk private sector investments in managing natural capital across the continent. The African Economic Outlook report is the Bank Group’s flagship annual publication. It provides compelling, up-to-date evidence and analysis to inform policy decisions.

While highlighting the challenges, the 2023 African Economic Outlook mainly focuses on opportunities to unlock private investments and know-how and tap the continent’s vast natural capital to combat climate change and spur the transition to green growth.

The report highlights Africa’s natural capital for climate finance and green growth. Africa is abundantly endowed with renewable and non- renewable  natural  resources, the authors write. It  holds  30  per cent  of  the  world’s  mineral   resources  and  65  per cent  of its  uncultivated  arable  land,  the  world’s  most  productive  forests  both  in  timber  and  carbon  retention  resources,  and  ample  solar,  wind  and  hydropower.

Renewable resources replenish themselves over time and can generate benefits in perpetuity if the extraction rate does not exceed the reproduction rate. But, in nearly all African countries, renewable resources have excessive extractive capacity (over-capitalisation) and are overexploited, the report states. The authors shed light on the state of fisheries, mangroves, forests and ecotourism.


Read more and download the report on the AfDB website

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