What has your experience been in this respect?

Like many NGOs, the Lutheran World Federation – LWF – is also challenged to implement the nexus as it is dependent on the current funding arrangements, which, more often than not, are short-term and highly compartmentalised, preventing NGOs from linking humanitarian with development and security/peace initiatives. Often, humanitarian assistance is solely for live-saving activities, not allowing early recovery type and resilience-building activities to help affected households and communities build back better. Once the humanitarian funding runs out, there is no longer support to link development activities and peace initiatives. Planning for the specific segments of the nexus is not coordinated and remains highly restrictive.

How would the responses of the government and the international community have to interact in order to effectively counter the crises? And how can the nexus approach help in this context?

As mentioned before, the number of displaced persons is staggering with 3.19 million internally displaced and close to 900,000 refugees from neighbouring countries hosted in Ethiopia. This means a total requirement of 1.314 billion US dollars for nationals in need of humanitarian assistance and 643.4 million US dollars for refugees. The Ethiopian Government is doing its best, although there is a great need for the international community to support the Government in addressing the prevailing humanitarian crisis. The challenge is to look beyond the humanitarian response, to  have a long-term perspective, to develop a strategy that is grounded in disaster risk reduction and combined with a concrete strategy to involve development initiatives. Such a ‘nexus’ approach would go a long way in building the adaptive capacity of communities to withstand shocks and build resilience.

What would you especially wish from the donors?

Donors should be flexible, so that not only life-savings activities are funded but also disaster risk reduction activities – along the lines of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.