The global food system must undergo urgent change to ensure there is adequate food for everyone without destroying the planet, according to The World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future published mid-July 2019. The report was produced by the World Resources Institute (WRI) in partnership with the World Bank, UN Environment (UNEP), UN Development Programme (UNDP), the French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) and the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA).
The report reveals that meeting the challenge of a growing world population will require closing three gaps:
To close the gaps, the report urges significant adjustments in the production of food as well as changes in people’s consumption. From wild fisheries management to how much beef to eat, the report gives policymakers, businesses and researchers a comprehensive roadmap for how to create a sustainable food system from farm to plate.
The report outlines a menu of solutions to overhaul the way the world produces and consumes food to ensure a sustainable food system by 2050:
Many of the report’s findings use the new GlobAgri-WRR model, which quantifies how far each “menu item” can help to increase the availability of food, avoid deforestation and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The report also identifies a robust series of policies, innovations, and incentives that can take the solutions to scale.
Shifting consumption patterns, increasing the productivity of crops and livestock, and improving the efficiency of inputs like fertilisers can significantly reduce emissions and the demand for land while raising agricultural incomes. To hold global warming below a 1.5°C increase above pre-industrial levels would require doing this and everything else on the five-course menu of solutions, plus reforesting more than 585 million hectares (1.4 billion acres) made available by these demand- and supply-side efficiency gains, according to the report.
More information and download the report The World Resources Report: Creating a Sustainable Food Future: https://wrr-food.wri.org/