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In six different sections, the UNFPA report looks at the choice of having children, reproductive rights and fertility rates and compares demographic transitions across the globe.

The global trend towards smaller families is a reflection of people making reproductive choices to have as few or as many children as they want, when they want. When people lack choice, it can have a long-term impact on fertility rates, often making them higher or lower than what most people desire, according to The State of World Population 2018 – the Power of Choice – Reproductive Rights and the Demographic Transition, published by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) mid October 2018.

Family size is closely linked with reproductive rights, which, in turn, are tied to many other rights, including the right to adequate health, education and jobs. Wherever people can exercise their rights, they tend to thrive. Where these rights are stifled, people often fail to achieve their full potential, which impedes economic and social progress, according to the new report. In six different chapters, the report investigates demographic transitions in different cultures and the drivers behind them.

“Choice can change the world,” said Dr Natalia Kanem, UNFPA Executive Director.

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