According to FAO’s State of Food and Agriculture 2015 report, only about a third of the world's poorest people are covered by any form of social protection.
The report published by FAO in October 2015 finds that in poor countries, social protection schemes; such as cash transfers, school feeding and public works offer an economical way to provide vulnerable people with opportunities to move out of extreme poverty and hunger and to improve their children's health, education and life chances.
The report notes, however, that whilst most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, numerous others lag behind and that the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger.
According to the report, many developing countries increasingly recognise that social protection measures are needed to relieve the immediate deprivation of people living in poverty and to prevent others from falling into poverty when a crisis strikes.
Without such assistance, many poor and vulnerable people will never have the opportunity to break out of the poverty trap, in which hunger, illness and lack of education perpetuate poverty for future generations.
This edition of the State of Food and Agriculture 2015 makes the case that when combined with broader agricultural and rural development measures, social protection measures will help break the cycle of rural poverty and vulnerability. Key messages highlighted in this year’s report include: