The various levels of economic and social development of countries had to be taken in account, especially when it comes to the financing of climate action. The actions and obligations of the 197 parties needed to be differentiated accordingly, known as “common but differentiated responsibilities”.

The ‘Katowice Climate Package’

Following tough negotiations, the Governments have now adopted a set of guidelines for implementing the Paris Climate Change Agreement. The agreed ‘Katowice Climate Package’ is designed to operationalise the climate change regime contained in the Paris Agreement. Under the auspices of the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat, it aims to promote international cooperation and encourage greater ambition.

The Katowice package includes guidelines that will operationalise the transparency framework. It sets out how countries will provide information about their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that describe their domestic climate actions. This information includes mitigation and adaptation measures as well as details of financial support for climate action in developing countries. 

The package also includes guidelines relating to:

• The process for establishing new targets on finance from 2025 onwards to follow-on from the current target of mobilising USD 100 billion per year from 2020 to support developing countries

• How to conduct the Global Stocktake of the effectiveness of climate action in 2023

• How to assess progress on the development and transfer of technology

The agreed guidelines mean that countries can now establish the national systems needed to implement the Paris Agreement as of 2020.