Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture for food security and nutrition

Fisheries and aquaculture have often been arbitrarily separated from other parts of the food and agricultural systems in food security studies, debates and policy-making, notes report.

A report by the High Level Panel of Experts of the FAO Committee on World Food Security (CFS) recommends that fish need to be fully integrated into all aspects of food security and nutrition policies and programmes. CFS/HLPE 7: Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture for food security and nutrition, was launched in June 2014.

Further, the report pays special attention to all dimensions of food security and nutrition and promotes small-scale production and local arrangements, as local markets, e.g. for procuring school meals, and other policy tools, including nutrition education and gender equality.

It also presents a synthesis of existing evidence regarding the complex pathways between fisheries and aquaculture and food and nutrition security, including the environmental, economic and social dimensions, as well as issues related to governance. 

Consequently, the report provides insights on what needs to be done to achieve sustainable fisheries and aquaculture in order to strengthen their positive impact on food and nutrition security. Some of the main findings highlighted in the report include:-

  • Fish as a critical food source
  • Fish has received little attention in food security and nutrition strategies
  • Risks and pressures affecting the world fisheries
  • Opportunities and challenges in aquaculture
  • Social protection and labour rights
  • Gender equity
  • Governance
  • Unsettled debates on fish trade


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(FAO/Ob)