However, at the level of practical application, there was still too great a lack of connectivity and standardisation of data. The aim had to be to use data to help create value on the farm and enable farmers to produce more with less – for example in order to bridge the huge gap between actual and feasible yields on farms.

Designing a new food system – easier said than done

“Our food system was not designed to avoid waste, but to produce as much as possible,” Pete Pearson, Senior Director Food Loss and Waste at the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), stressed, summing up the chief weakness of food production in the Global North. But a system of this kind cannot be changed quite as easily as some of the participants may have wished in Berlin. For example, Pearson suggested passing on the consumption patterns of consumers – which have remained an estimated 80 per cent unchanged – to commerce and the producers in order to enable them to produce goods and supply the market correspondingly.