Together with the programme for “New-Type Urbanisation”, however, the leadership has also disengaged from some shortcomings of the predecessors’ policies. In particular, rural revitalisation emphasises the protection of villages with specific characteristics and of rural traditions, the protection of the environment and the protection of villagers’ land rights. Concrete policies are still awaiting implementation.


Elena Meyer-Clement is an assistant professor of China Studies at Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. Her research focuses on local governance in China, urbanisation and rural development.
Contact: elena.meyer-clement(at)