However, it does also bear the disadvantage of not having offered enough instructions for broader debates on structural transformation. This is why it is extended here in a way that will also allow it to systematically clarify interaction between the larger groups of actors. Furthermore, to be used in the context of structural transformation, it is important to enter the contextual factors that the rural regions described above are embedded in and that crucially determine pressure to as well as options for change.

The Rural Worlds in the OECD model comprise the following types of enterprise and household:

Rural World 1: Large-scale commercial agricultural households and enterprises

They are internationally fully competitive and do not produce for home consumption. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), only a relatively small amount of enterprises fall into this category, among them large firms run with relatively low-input (“smallholding”) technology as well as those operating with technology packages oriented on industrialised countries.

Rural World 2: Traditional landholders and enterprises

This category comprises many smaller rural households and agricultural firms.