A bee collecting pollen and nectar on a Eucalyptus flower.
Photo: ©FAO/Zinyange Auntony


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Around 20 per cent of the world's agricultural areas yields less than it did 20 years ago. The disruption of biological pest control and pollination occurring in monotonous agricultural landscapes leads to significant yield reductions, researchers say.

Can ecosystem services like biological pest control and pollination be maintained by a few dominant species or do they rely on high richness?  The greater the diversity of species and the smaller-scaled the agricultural landscape, the greater are the positive effects of natural service providers, said researchers from the Julius-Maximilians-Universität (JMU) Würzburg, Germany, in October 2019. With more than 100 participating scientists, they evaluated 89 studies investigating the connection between land use, biodiversity and the free services of ecosystems. 

The studies took place at almost 1500 sites worldwide – from corn fields in the USA to oilseed rape fields in southern Sweden, coffee plantations in India, mango plantations in South Africa to cereal crops in the Alps.
In many respects, nature is an outstanding service provider for agriculture. Bees and bumble bees pollinate fruit trees and other crops. Parasitoid wasps and predatory beetles eat pests that would otherwise attack crops.

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