Climate change is projected to have negative impacts on agriculture up to 2030, reducing yields and production compared to a no-climate change scenario. 

These production losses are projected to induce increases in food prices, as well as reduce income and food consumption, particularly for lower income groups. As a result, climate change is projected to slow down reduction in hunger in the Asia Pacific region – with an increase in the number of hungry people by 38 million in 2030 compared to a scenario with no climate change. After 2030 the negative effects of climate change on agriculture become much greater.  

Three types of investments

The report analyses three types of investments, including investment in agricultural research and development (R&D), investment to improve water management through expansion in irrigation and increases in basin-level water-use efficiency, and rural infrastructure investments to reduce marketing costs and post-harvest losses to see if they can counteract climate change and reduce hunger more rapidly.