Climate change, water and agriculture

It is expected that the availability of water will change significantly and will be more volatile in the next decades in many countries, warns OECD recently released report.

The report ‚Climate Change, Water and Agriculture - Towards Resilient Systems‘ reviews the main linkages between climate change, water and agriculture as a means to identifying and discussing adaptation strategies for better use and conservation of water resources. 


According to the report published by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), these interactions are numerous, complex and region-specific. Moreover,


  • changes in the amount and patterns of precipitation;
  • impact on water quality through changes in runoff, river flows, retention and thus loading of nutrients;
  • extreme events such as floods and droughts, are some of the different dimentions in which climate change can affect water resources.



Consenqueltly, these changes in the water cycle can in turn deeply affect agricultural production in practically all regions of the world and have destabilising impacts for agricultural markets, food security and non-agricultural water uses, the report argues.

The OECD report aims to provide guidance to decision makers on choosing an appropriate mix of policies and market approaches to address the interaction between agriculture and water systems under climate change.

More Information: OECD