By the year 2025, no-one in Africa should suffer from hunger. This is a joint resolve of the member states of the African Union. In the Malabo Declaration issued on the occasion of the Twenty Third Ordinary Session of the AU Assembly in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, they declared that this is to be achieved mainly by investing in agriculture. “Accelerated growth is essential if Africans at all levels are to achieve their aspirations for prosperity,” said AU Chairperson Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma in a press release issued at the beginning of August. She stressed that it is time for heads of state to put agriculture at the top of national development agendas.
At the summit in Malabo, African leaders committed to new priorities, strategies and concrete targets around agriculture-led growth to achieve food and nutrition security for shared prosperity for their people. In the light of the positive trends in some agricultural sectors in recent years, the new targets are to encourage governments to invest in infrastructure and thus raise yields and generate income opportunities.
In their declaration, the heads of state again based their resolutions on the "Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme" (CAADP) and renewed their commitment to it. The CAADP aims to reduce hunger and poverty by investing in agriculture. To achieve this goal, the African governments agreed some ten years ago to raise public investments in agriculture to at least 10 per cent of their annual national budgets and to increase agricultural productivity by at least six per cent. They reiterated their commitment to this target.
Other targets in the Malabo-Declaration are:
Agriculture is Africa’s solution to long term social and economic development issues including food security, youth unemployment, gender inequality and climate change, stressed the AUC Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, Rhoda Peace Tumusiime, and added that “a strong agricultural sector will provide employment and generate economic growth which means jobs and incomes for Africans” .
More information: Malabo declaration 2014