According to ‘Adopting a Territorial Approach to Food Security and Nutrition Policy` a report published by OECD in April 2016; food insecurity and poverty are highly interlinked and have a strong territorial dimension.
The report perceives that in order to provide effective long-term solutions, policy responses must be tailored to the specific challenges of each territory, taking into account a multidimensional response that includes food availability, access, utilisation and stability. Different territories need different policy responses to account for their particular challenges.
Food security issues in remote rural areas are not the same as those in metropolitan areas, nor are the problems in one rural area the same as those faced by adjacent rural areas, notes report. Territorial specificities, including the institutions, infrastructure, education, health, natural resources, and human and social capital, strongly influence food security and nutritional outcomes.
The publication jointly developed by OECD, FAO and UNCDF aims at uniting different approaches by focusing them on the territory and generating knowledge and recommendations on one holistic territorial approach to food security and nutrition. It also highlights five case studies and the OECD New Rural Paradigm, presenting an effective framework for addressing food insecurity and malnutrition.
Download Report: OECD