In this context, a focus is put on planning tools beyond urban areas. A region consists mostly of rural areas with few urban centres. For a comprehensive planning system, spatial planning in rural areas is required to be strengthened in order to transfer benefits of land-use planning also to the rural population. Thus, capacity development modules extend the skillset of urban planners and local authorities in the two states to planning tools especially in peri-urban and rural areas.

Levels of spatial planning

Source: Georg Jahnsen/GIZ

Planning always happens in circles

Several lessons have been learnt at various levels which contribute towards bridging the gap between the rural-urban continuum. Currently, planning at the regional level is understood as economic development planning. However, planning is seen as more than the mere allocation of funds. It includes gathering data and creating maps taking account of the economic, social and environmental trajectory of specific areas and working spatial analysis findings into the plan.