A regional plan summarises the governmental sectoral and inter-sectoral development and minimises possible land-use conflicts within a region, including the urban and rural parts. A comprehensive regional plan involves all sectors and stakeholders (settlements, infrastructure, agriculture, mining, industries, commerce, etc.) and enables these to make spatially informed decisions.

The vision of the “New Urban Agenda”

In the southern state of Tamil Nadu, the government already realised the need for regional planning in 1971 when the Town and Planning Act was passed with a section on regional planning. Regions were defined, but neither a Regional Plan nor a Regional Planning Authority are in place yet. The government has decided to revisit the Regional Planning Approach Act since 2016 as part of the Land Use Planning and Management (LUPM) project supported by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). Also in the eastern state of Odisha, the government acknowledges the need for regional planning despite the fact that there is no such provision in the Act.