ODA outflows in 2018 rose in 17 donor countries, with the biggest increases in Hungary, Iceland and New Zealand. ODA outflows fell in twelve countries, due in some to fewer refugee arrivals, with the largest declines in Austria, Finland, Greece, Italy, Japan and Portugal.
According to OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, this trend was particularly worrying as it followed data showing that private development flows were also declining. Donor countries were not living up to their 2015 pledge to ramp up development finance, making it more difficult to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

Only five out of 30 countries on track

As the calculations demonstrate, the grant-equivalent ODA figure for 2018 is equivalent to 0.31 per cent of the DAC donors’ combined gross national income (GNI), well below the target ratio of 0.7 per cent ODA to GNI. Five DAC members – Denmark, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom – met or exceeded the 0.7 per cent target.