The health benefits of an agroecological revolution would be significant.

Overcoming the political economy obstacles

Why is it, then, that despite all these benefits it may provide, agroecology remains marginalised? Four major lock-ins still form considerable obstacles to the agroecological revolution. First, technologies and infrastructures are biased in favour of achieving economies of scale through reliance on large monocultures that can be more easily mechanised. Second, dominant agribusiness actors – the large commodity buyers and food processing companies – are better positioned to supply markets with low-priced foodstuffs, against which other actors, using other, more sustainable modes of production, are unable to compete: until industrial farming methods will be obliged to fully internalise the social and environmental costs they impose on the collective, this is not going to change. Third, our lifestyles have evolved with the industrial way of producing food that we have been encouraging: people today have less time to cook, they have relegated food to a secondary position in their lives, and many families have lost even basic culinary skills that are required to reduce the dependency on heavily processed foods, including the convenience foods that we have become so accustomed to.