Generation of traffic demand driven by retail structure

Example 1: In an average suburban fruit and vegetable street market in India, only some 8 to 10 per cent of the shopping is picked up by private motor car, another 15 to 20 per cent by bicycle or scooter, and the remainder is taken home walking.
Example 2: In an average suburban supermarket situation, e.g. in South Africa, assuming a floorspace of 250 sqm, 75 to 80 per cent of the merchandise is shopped by car, with an average one-way driving distance per shopping trip of 1.8 km. With increasing floorspace, the catchment area increases, and with it, the average driving distance per shopping trip.


Fuel dependence and food security. India does not have crude oil reserves, nor does it produce any oil itself. Therefore, all vehicular, processing and refrigeration energy consumption as well as crude oil used for packaging material is imported, bringing about a specific dependency on world markets.