Accompanying the decrease in spatial distance and increasing interdependencies between rural and urban are various economic, social and ecological consequences that interact in a complex system to shape the health and well-being of the population. It is now recognised that such health repercussions cannot be addressed by individual disciplines or sectors but require an interdisciplinary holistic perspective. One concept, which is of particular interest at the rural-urban interface is the ‘One Health’ approach, which recognises the interdependence of human, animal and environmental health, thus calling for inter-sectoral collaboration to optimise the health of all (see Box below).

The One Health Approach
One Health is a interdisciplinary approach bringing together the collective knowledge of multiple disciplines, including public health, veterinary medicine, ecology, agricultural science, sociology and economics, to address the issues at the human-animal-environment interface. Although this called for a unified approach to veterinary and human medicine to address zoonotic diseases.