Trade activities have declined significantly in all three countries, particularly in quarantined districts.

The outbreak of EVD in the major production and transhumance areas has resulted in the closure of borders and livestock markets and confinement of goods and persons. All these factors have led to a decline in the purchasing power of the stakeholders in the agriculture sector and a drop in sales of livestock products (eggs, meat, manure, etc.), with a negative impact on farmers’ income.

According to this assessment, crop production in Guinea has dropped sharply, particularly in affected areas. National rice production, the main food staple for Guinea’s population, fell by four per cent in 2014. Production has been affected by the drop in agricultural exports. For example, potato exports to Senegal fell by 91 per cent from August 2013 to August 2014.

In Liberia, the epidemic has severely depressed production in the agriculture and forestry sector, which accounts for about one quarter of GDP and half of the country’s workforce.