The earthquake in Haiti destroyed many landscapes. Planting tree seedlings shall protect the landscape from erosion and degradation, and it improves ecosystem services.
Photo: FAO Haiti

03.04.2019

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Natural disasters cause crises and food insecurity. In January 2010, an earthquake disrupted life in Haiti. But how did the country find back to operations, especially to agriculture to nourish the population? Looking at the dairy and seed sector besides introducing measures to disaster risk reduction and climate change mitigation and adaption, our author shows how Haiti came back on track.

With around 300,000 people dead, over one million made homeless in Port-au-Prince – the capital of Haiti – and more than three million forced into food insecurity countrywide, the January 2010 Haitian earthquake was one of the deadliest and most merciless natural disasters in modern history. In the midst of the confusion brought about by this calamity, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) identified the revival of agriculture and production boosting as a priority, if the country was to feed survivors in the months and years ahead. Equally, FAO recognised the challenge of achieving this goal with the exodus of over 600,000 homeless from the quake-hit capital to impoverished, food-insecure and malnourished rural areas with degraded soils and deforested mountains, and the destruction of roads, bridges, fishing ports, irrigation and market infrastructure, in addition to shortage of resources. Amid great needs and scanty financial resources, decisions had to be made and priorities determined.

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