On the one hand, this comprises the support of private and civil society involvement in RAS. On the other hand, the government is accountable for an appropriate inclusion of RAS in concerned policies, as well as for decentralised planning and financing of public RAS. Besides, governments can contribute to the quality and outreach of pluralistic RAS systems by realising the following functions:

  • defining RAS in public interests, and facilitating and financing its delivery;
  • monitoring the quality and outreach of RAS, in particular if services are expected to cater for public interests;
  • offering quality accreditation of RAS providers in order to ensure quality of services and to increase RAS providers’ potential to get mandated for service delivery.

RAS providers act as agents between farmers and institutions interested in promoting innovation, providing agricultural inputs or finances, or offering output markets. They link all relevant stakeholders in order to enhance production, innovation and marketing systems – these systems are crucial for the livelihoods of producers.