A touch of Fiji at the COP23 opening ceremony.
Photo: UNFCCC

08.12.2017

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Since 2013, the (Intended) Nationally Determined Contributions – (I)NDCs – have been playing a crucial role in international climate diplomacy. Our author looks at the process from the INDCs to the NDCs and describes how the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) supports the countries in implementing them and which stance the international community took in this respect at the latest climate conference.

The 19th meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Warsaw, Poland in November 2013 paved the way for a radical change in international climate policy. Whereas previous conferences had always negotiated globally determined targets to address climate change, COP 19 had now invited “all Parties to initiate or intensify domestic preparations for their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) towards achieving the objective of the Convention, as set out in its Article 2”. ‘Parties’, as Countries are called in the context of the UNFCCC convention, were given leeway to ensure that their climate change mitigation and adaptation objectives were nationally appropriate. Such flexibility gave developing countries scope to base their plans, including their National Adaptation Plans (NAPs; see Box on page 10), on their specific adaptation and mitigation needs.

The ultimate objective of this Convention ... is to achieve ...

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