Therefore, the Government of Odisha chose the district level to demonstrate spatial planning at regional scale in a normative and systematic way. Both of the states thus contribute to achieving the vision of the “New Urban Agenda” by integrating urban and rural functions into national and sub-national spatial frameworks. Developing land-use policies in a participatory manner is seen as crucial to strengthen democratic structures through more co-determination at lower levels in political decision-making.

Land Use Planning and Management Project

Under Indo-German co-operation, India's Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) with its Department of Land Resources (DoLR) and GIZ are jointly implementing the LUPM project. The project is meant to improve the system of land-use planning in order to enable and ensure that institutions apply policies and instruments of integrated spatial and land-use planning. The project has identified Odisha and Tamil Nadu as two pilot states. In these two states, different scales of governance, from state level to local level, are taken into consideration.

At state level, a land-use policy is being developed.