To better manage the challenges that are occurring in India, one must acknowledge the interaction between the urban and the rural constructs. This new territorial reality should be addressed in public policies, as national and local governments play a pivotal role in shaping these change processes and ensuring that future perspectives for (rural) populations are created.

The effect of the urbanisation trends must be handled as a supra-local interest as cities can have on the one hand a positive impact on the rural areas and their development but can aggravate land use conflicts, too. To address this, regional plans are one tool and on an appropriate scale to manage the side effects of the current development.

The regional planning approach is not new. In India, it has been applied mostly in Metropolitan Regions such as Delhi and Mumbai. Also, a few states, such as Kerala and Goa, have implemented regional plans at district level, including both urban and rural areas.