“In the past the more we exploited the mountains, the less we benefited. Now we protect the mountains, but also benefit considerably from them.”
Mr Huang Hanlin from Nangeng, Village, Hainan Province, talking about the high returns from Yizhi (black cardamom [Fructus alpiniae oxyphyllae], a traditional Chinese medicine promoted by the project as a component of agroforestry systems).


In 26 pilot villages, the status of agrobiodiversity, including related traditional knowledge, was assessed. Subsequent village-level activities for in situ conservation of agrobiodiversity were planned in a participatory way, with activities such as small habitat protection, training on biodiversity-friendly farming techniques in newly established farmer field schools, improved seed maintenance, seed fairs, and developing a village-level code of conduct for agrobiodiversity management. In addition, small infrastructure measures were planned as incentives or compensation, mainly funded by the Chinese government, such as the establishment of biogas converters, small rural roads and drinking water systems.