25.08.2016

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Issues addressed in the 2016 “Spotlight on Sustainable Development” report include an assessment of the transformation of agricultural and food systems in order to achieve SDG 2.

Sustainable Development Goal 2 is to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Lim Li Ching of the Third World Network argues that this goal can only be met by shifting from specialised industrial agriculture systems to diversified agroecological systems. Lim assesses the potential of agroecology and its prospects in the “Spotlight on Sustainable Development”, a report published by the Reflection Group on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Diversity is key

Industrial agriculture focuses on specialised commodity crops and industrialised feedlots for livestock. It is characterised by monocultures, genetically uniform varieties and maximisation of yield from a single or limited number of products. Agroecological practices diversify farming landscapes, increase biodiversity, nurture soil health and soil biodiversity, and stimulate interactions among different species. Thus farms provide for their own soil organic matter, pest regulation and weed control and do not need external chemical inputs.

Lim stresses the potential of agroecology to sustainably increase productivity and ensure adequate nutrition through diverse diets.

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