People are the key success factor in successful rural development.
Photo: CIAT
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Early in 2011, the Institute for Rural Development Research (IfLS) at the University of Frankfurt/Germany examined structural features of various regional development approaches. Can success factors be derived from its survey that could be transferred to territorial development in the countries of the South?

The study “Die institutionelle Ausgestaltung territorialer Entwicklungsansätze in Deutschland” (the institutional form of territorial development approaches in Germany” compares development concepts such as LEADER (Liaison entre Actions de Développement de l’Economie Rural), ILE (Integrierte ländliche Entwicklung – integrated rural development), Biosphere reserve, PLENUM (Projekt des Landes zur Erhaltung und Entwicklung von Natur und Umwelt in enger Zusammenarbeit mit der Bevölkerung – Federal State project for the conservation and development of nature and the environment in close co-operation with the population), major nature conservation projects and the city-surrounding countryside co-operation concepts such as metropolitan regions, planning associations and land use planning. With the aid of programme documents and the analysis of a respective region for each concept, structural features of the context a given concept evolved from, organisational structure, project development and implementation, participation and legal foundations were identified (see diagram). Taking already existing comparative studies into account, several success factors were established that are favourable for an implementation of programmes that benefits development.

The role of the state

The interaction of top-down and bottom-up aspects also has to be regarded as a central success factor in the context of development co-operation.

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