“All the states in the north-east have a similar topography and all of them have mostly been doing traditional farming, which means that for them, the transition to organic would be quite easy,” he says and adds that they are getting visitors from the neighbouring north-eastern states to learn about organic farming practices. 

Transport and marketing are crucial factors

The state of Sikkim supports its farmers in several areas, ranging from financing inputs such as seeds and organic fertilisers to the setting up of input production facilities such as vermi-compost pits and rural compost pits. The government has also been bearing the cost of organic certification of all the farmers in the state. One of the major challenges for the roughly 6,000 certified organic farmers as of now is transporting the produce to the markets. “It is very difficult to deal in fresh produce especially as we are landlocked and have no rail or airport connectivity.