Growing demand from the expanding cities for a variety of high-quality farm products should be seen as a major opportunity here.

This efficient and independent agri-food system should be centred around farm enterprises of various sizes and types, above all small farm households which have secure land tenure and belong to farmer associations, giving them good market access. They need easy access to seeds, fertilisers, credit and insurance and should be able to utilise modern inputs and techniques to produce a diverse and nutritive harvest of crops and livestock, significantly in excess of their subsistence needs.

Once an efficient agri-food system has been established, the incomes that it generates will drive up demand for housing materials, craft, trade and repair services, commercial opportunities, transport, clothing and, finally, education and health, thus creating jobs in these sectors and initiating endogenous, sustainable development in rural regions. 

Upstream inputs from the public sector

Ultimately, the transformation will be driven by the investment decisions taken by millions of private-sector stakeholders: small farmers, input providers, food processing firms, distributors, financial service companies, craft and trade enterprises, and many others.