Land is an important asset – a wheat farm in Manica.
Photo: J. Monteiro


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In Mozambique, land is state property. However, land use rights are eagerly sought for not only by the vast majority of the population relying on agriculture for a living, but increasingly also by investors. The Community Land initiative (iTC) was established with a view to sustainable community development to enhance secure conditions for land users. Its activities range from securing land-user rights to supporting inclusive community-investor partnerships.

Land is probably the most valuable asset that rural communities possess in the developing world, especially in Africa. Mozambique is no exception, since at least 80 percent of the population in rural Mozambique rely on agriculture to make a living. Debates about land in Mozambique revolve around questions of tenure rather than ownership, since land is deemed by law to be state property. The state recognises and grants land use rights which cannot be subject to any type of transaction between third parties. Many consider that such unlawful land transactions do in fact occur, and there is some debate about circumstances in which they should be allowed. Nevertheless one of the government's main concerns is to protect community interests in land, and there is widespread agreement that improving land users security of tenure is important in ensuring sustainable development.

Seeking the balance between community needs and development requirements

Mozambique has registered significant rates of economic growth for more than a decade.

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