Food policies must be designed to transform urban – often “obesogenic” – food environments to increase accessibility of nutritious diets and create healthier, supportive environments for the urban poor. This will require not only working with actors at the retail end of the food value chain, such as supermarkets, but also building linkages with rural producers.

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)’s 2017 Global Food Policy Report (GFPR) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization’s 2017 report on The State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA) provide compelling evidence showing that strengthening rural-urban economic linkages and developing and modernising the midstream of food supply chains (i.e. transportation, storage, processing, distribution and services) can make a major contribution towards accelerated poverty reduction and sustainably end malnutrition in developing countries. Strong linkages between agricultural producers, particularly smallholders, and urban consumers can propel economic development and improve food security and nutrition for both rural and urban areas.