Agroecology focuses on smallholder and family farmers, fisherfolk and pastoralists.
Photo: FAO/Olivier Asselin


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As an approach based on sustainability that is people-centred and knowledge-intensive, agroecology matches the transformative approach that the 2030 Agenda calls for. Our author explains how agroecology and the Sustainable Development Goals relate to one another and presents the FAO initiative on fostering agroecology.

Although not a new concept, agroecology is a key part of the global response to deforestation, water scarcities, biodiversity loss, soil depletion and greenhouse gas emissions and has the potential to alleviate poverty, reduce hunger and malnutrition and decrease inequalities. Agroecology contributes directly to multiple Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): the eradication of poverty (Goal 1) and hunger (Goal 2); ensuring quality education (4); achieving gender equality (5); increasing water-use efficiency (6); promoting decent jobs (8); ensuring sustainable consumption and production (12); building climate resilience (13); securing sustainable use of marine resources (14); and halting the loss of biodiversity (15) while significantly increasing the resilience of both people and the environment, mitigating climate change, and sustainably using and conserving natural resources and biodiversity. Moreover, agroecology can contribute to achieving the aims of the Paris Climate Agreement, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.

Rooted in sustainability, agroecology is a people-centred and knowledge-intensive approach that matches the transformative approach called for by the 2030 Agenda.

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