• To increase public investment in agricultural research and infrastructure improvement. For instance, in 2011, central government spent 130.99 billion Yuan, the equivalent of 21.1 billion US dollars (USD), on the construction of rural roads, power and irrigation facilities.
  • To expand key demonstration zones for agricultural technology extension. In addition to the provision of extension services, mechanisation of the small farms is promoted through the production of small tractors and machines. The better-off farmers are also motivated to specialise in machine service and enter the agricultural service market. The modernisation of small-sized agriculture has brought about a significant increase in grain yield, from 3 tons per hectare in 1984 to 4.88 tons in 2008. 
  • More investment is allocated to capacity building for disaster prevention and mitigation as well as to land consolidation and amelioration. Fiscal spending of central government on these items amounted to 104.2 billion Yuan, equivalent to 16.8 billion USD, in 2011.