Every peasant household now ran a small farm with the right of usufruct for an average 0.5 hectares of farmland.

  • Price and marketing policies changed by means of lifting the state monopoly on purchasing and marketing farm products, opening the free market, introducing the state contract purchase system and raising prices.
  • Structural policies were devised to stimulate agricultural diversification.
  • Rural non-agricultural economic development policies were designed in order to shift surplus labour away from agriculture.

  • The above-listed measures were issued through Document No.1 of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party at the beginning of each year during 1982–1986, which indicates the first priority in the decision-making fields of top-level leadership. Document No.1 first plays a role in getting the local governments to pay special attention to food production and rural development. Second, it publicises the measures to target the short-term goals of the policies for the year that the document refers to.