The OECD and the UN FAO have developed guidance to help enterprises observe standards of responsible business conduct to ensure that their operations do not lead to adverse impacts and contribute to sustainable development.

‘‘OECD-FAO Guidance for Responsible Agricultural Supply Chains‘‘ is a guidance to help enterprises comply with existing standards for responsible business conduct along agricultural supply chains.

According to the authors, enterprises involved in agricultural supply chains can create employment, raise labour standards and bring the technology to increase agricultural production or reduce pollution.
But their activities can also contribute to food insecurity by leading to the eviction of local communities from their lands. Child labour and abuses of migrant workers and women are regularly reported.
The production of some agricultural commodities leads to soil degradation, water resource depletion and deforestation.

The guidance produced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and FAO in March 2016, comprises four sections:

  • model enterprise policy, outlining the standards that enterprises should observe to build responsible agricultural supply chains;
  • a framework for risk-based due diligence describing the five steps that enterprises should follow to identify, assess, mitigate and report on work for addressing the adverse impacts of their activities;
  • a description of the major risks faced by enterprises, and measures for mitigating these risks; and
  • guidance on engaging with indigenous peoples


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(OECD/FAO/Ob)