Rural 21

The International Journal for Rural Development

Published by

DLG-Verlag GmbH
Eschborner Landstraße 122
60489 Frankfurt, Germany

Managing Director: Walter Hoffmann
: 114232688

Editor in chief

Silvia Richter     s.richter(at)

Editorial staff

Olive Bexten     o.bexten(at)
Ines Lechner     i.lechner(at)
Angelika Wilcke     a.wilcke(at)

Advisory council

Felix Fellmann (DEZA)
Dr. Reinhard Grandke (DLG)
Dr. Stefan Schmitz (BMZ)
Christel Weller-Molongua (GIZ)

Editorial committee

Dr. Michael Brüntrup (DIE)
Lüder Cammann (GIZ)
Dr. Christine Chemnitz (Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung)
Karl-Martin Lüth (DLG)
Prof. Dr. Matin Qaim (Univ. of Göttingen)
Dr. Detlef Virchow (ZEF)

Editorial office

DLG-Verlag GmbH
Eschborner Landstraße 122
60489 Frankfurt, Germany
phone: ++49-69-24788-0
fax:      ++49-69-24788-481

Translated by

Christopher Hay
Joan Tazir
Michael Gardner

Distribution, advertising

DLG-Verlag GmbH
Eschborner Landstraße 122
60489 Frankfurt, Germany
phone: ++49-69-24788-0
fax:      ++49-69-24788-481
E-Mail: dlg-verlag(at)

Implementation & Design:

medianet elektronische Kommunikation & Marketing GmbH
Scheffelstrasse 37
60318 Frankfurt

All rights reserved. The contents may not be translated, reproduced in whole or in part, nor may information be passed on to third parties without permission from the publisher. Please direct all correspondence to the editor in chief.

The opinion expressed by the authors are not necessarily those of the publisher. The editors retain the right to make editorial changes.

Rural 21 replaces since 2008 the journal entwicklung & ländlicher raum (1976- 2007).


4-7 October 2015 - Cape Town, South Africa

SAIREC 2015 Conferences on Renewable Energy

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4-7 October 2015- Rome,Italy

The First International Congress on Postharvest Loss Prevention

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4-10 October 2015 - Heidelberg University, Germany

7th German-Brazilian Symposium for Sustainable Development - Interaction between earth resources and processes and human societies

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27-28 October 2015 - Berlin, Germany

IEA Bioenergy Conference 2015

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1-5 November 2015 - Antalya, Turkey

2nd International Plant Breeding Congress

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6-7 November 2015 - Hannover, Germany

73th International Conference Agricultural Engineering

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19-22 November 2015 - Crowne Plaza Manila Galleria Hotel Manila, Philippines

Moringa Symposium and Congress

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25 November  2015 - Berlin, Germany

The Global Bioeconomy Summit (Call for Contributions - Interactive Session

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5-6 December 2015 - Palais des Congrès de Paris, France

The 2015 Global Landscapes Forum

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17-22 July 2016 - Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Tenth International Rangeland Congress (IRC) “The Future Management of Grazing and Wild Lands in a High Tech World”

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