Tea pickers working in the field in Rwanda.
Photo: IFAD/Susan Beccio

01.12.2016

<< First < Previous Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Next > Last >>

How to sustainably and profitably link smallholders to agribusiness operators and markets? This question has always been central among development practitioners and policy makers. Public-private partnerships – complemented by a fourth “P”, the producers – are increasingly seen as a tool to enable smallholder’s market access. But how must they be designed to ensure that farmers are more than mere suppliers of raw material depending on the decisions of agribusiness operators? Based on lessons learned from its projects, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) identified a number of enabling factors to ensure the development impact of agricultural public-private-producer partnerships (4Ps).

The 4P approach goes beyond conventional public-private partnership (PPP) as it implies considering smallholders as respected partners and not just suppliers of a private company. In fact, a 4P requires truly win-win cooperation between a government, business agents and small-scale producers to reach a common goal by sharing competencies, resources, risks and benefits. For example, in a typical 4P, while producers commit to producing according to market requirements (in terms of quality and volumes), the private partner agrees to pay a fair and transparent price and sometimes to provide technical support, and the public sector ensures complementary investments in infrastructure or public services.

Success factors

How to set up an effective and successful 4P from a development point of view? An IFAD-commissioned study executed by the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) of the University of Sussex addresses this question. Through the analysis of results and lessons from case studies in Ghana, Indonesia, Rwanda and Uganda (see Box below), IDS was able to identify a number of enabling factors to ensure the development impact of agricultural 4Ps.

<< First < Previous Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Next > Last >>