A closer look at...

Fisheries

In the debate about food security and poverty alleviation the fishery sector is mostly mentioned only in passing, if at all, even though at least one billion people depend on fish as the main source of animal food and at least one-tenth of the world population depend for their livelihood on fisheries and aquaculture. The World Bank and FAO estimate that demand for aquatic food will continue to rise. But around one-third of all fish populations are already overfished. Large-scale illegal, unreported and unregulated fisheries worsen the problem, and also contribute to loss of revenues, employment and fish supplies for local populations. Numerous other factors, such as environmental pollution, littering and increasing extraction of raw materials from the seabed, and also natural disasters and climate change have an impact on the state of the oceans. How can we succeed in using aquatic resources sustainably while at the same time ensuring that inequalities in access to them are eliminated so that small-scale fishers and aquaculture communities also benefit from the value chains? Our authors present the challenges, lessons learned and approaches to solutions from the point of view of development cooperation, civil society and science.

Articles:

 

 

A closer look at...

Bioenergy

The biogas technology is an alternative energy source for cooking and lighting for the rural farmers. In a lot of ways, the technology is reducing the heavy dependence of rural population on biomass as their main source of energy. It could also provide new sources of income for farmers.

Article:Detail

A closer look at...

Markets

Rural markets play a key role in generating rural income, especially for small farmers. But these markets are often insufficiently developed and/or small farmers cannot access them. What are the reasons behind this, how can markets be better designed to fulfil their key functions and allow effective participation by small farmers despite global change?

Articles

A closer look at...

Rural mechanisation

It’s easy to find arguments in favour of raising the degree of farm mechanisation. It’s just as easy to find examples of ambitious mechanisation concepts that failed miserably. Our authors show why and how the individual regions throughout the world have developed differently in terms of mechanisation and present examples of concepts that are really forward-looking, i.e. sustainable with a view to climate change and scarce natural resources, and that are above all also suitable for smallholders.

Articles:

A closer look at...

Food security

Against the background of a growing world population, finite natural resources and numerous threats such as climate change and political conflict, securing world food supplies remains the challenge that the international community of states faces.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Climate change

Agriculture is a major contributing factor to climate change; at the same time, it is one of the areas most affected by climate change, which is jeopardising global food security. Alternative practices are required both to make agriculture more resilient to and reduce its contribution to climate change.


Articles:

A closer look at...

India

Kashmiri saffron, famous for its uniqueness in the world, is facing multiple challenges. The government is supporting the farmers with a range of measures. It recently launched a weather-based crop insurance scheme, which the farmers had long been calling for. However, it is unable to do anything about the deterioration in prices brought about by fake products.

Articles:

 

 

A closer look at...

Agriculture

New cultures or cultivation methods can provide higher yields, better income prospects and more sustainable production. However, it is not always easy to convince farmers of the advantages and find first movers.

Articles:

A closer look at...

Agricultural policies

Over the last few decades, notions of agricultural development and hence agricultural policies have changed, depending on the circumstances and ideas happening to determine global politics. Much has proven to be wrong if not even disastrous for rural regions and has caused precisely the opposite of what was originally intended. Our authors give accounts of the lessons learnt and of what nowadays appears to be the right approach – from the angle of development co-operation and the partner countries, research and civil society.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Agroforestry

Agroforestry systems bear a considerable potential to reconcile income security in rural regions with the conservation of natural resources – provided that a suitable political framework is in place.

Articles:

A closer look at...

Angola

The civil war in Angola, which has been raging for decades, has turned what once used to be Africa’s largest agricultural producer into a country that has to import the majority of its food. Now, the government and private investors are making efforts to revitalise the ailing agricultural sector. But do these large-scale projects still leave enough room for small-scale farmers?


Article:

A closer look at...

Asia

Rice self-sufficiency is an important political objective for many Asian countries. However, factors such as non-sustainable production methods, the rush for farmland or a lack of young peasants to look after the paddies can easily jeopardise self-sufficiency.

Articles:

A closer look at...

Biodiversity

Many countries in the South can (still) boast an unbelievable level of biological diversity. However, awareness of their value is not always there – despite their great potential for food and nutrition security.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Bioeconomy

Bicycle frames made of bamboo, kerosene made from algae, trainer soles out of rice husks – there seem to be an infinite number of ideas when it comes to replacing fossil, finite raw materials with renewable, seemingly infinite resources. The proponents of the economic approach summarised as the bioeconomy are not only focusing on using renewable raw materials. Rather, they regard their concept of “biologising the economy” as an opportunity to redesign the global system of production and consumption in a manner guaranteeing a secure sustainable base in every respect. This would be a gain for all – human beings and the environment, business and consumers, North and South. It indeed seems an ambitious project. But can the promises made in the context of the bioeconomy really  be kept and, above all, what conditions  have to be fulfilled?

Articles:

A closer look at...

Cooperatives

The cooperative model has been sidelined in development cooperation for many years – for various reasons. On the one hand, cooperatives have been completely overestimated as an instrument and expected to solve a whole bunch of problems at one stroke. On the other hand, they were long misused for state purposes and have therefore been regarded with mistrust. The fact that the United Nations has declared 2012 the International Year of Cooperatives is a good opportunity to take a closer look at this special form of enterprise. We wish to give you an idea of the range of manifestations that the cooperative model has taken worldwide and of the role that cooperatives can play in overcoming rural poverty.

Articles:

A closer look at...

Development cooperation

In this section you can find best practice examples, country studies and in-depth reports on German and international development cooperation.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Development cooperation

Projects sometimes result in exactly the opposite of what they were intended to achieve, for example by encouraging child labour instead of preventing and reducing it. There is a particularly big danger of this in family-based subsistence agriculture, where parents have to rely on the work of their children because of their difficult economic situation.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Ecosystem services

Since the 1990s, the concept of payments for ecosystem services has been gaining ground internationally. Today’s projects above all focus on achieving an optimal balance between the conservation of valuable ecosystems and poverty alleviation.

Articles:

A closer look at...

Empowerment

Often, just a slight impulse is enough to empower people in the countries of the South to take their fate into their own hands and thus promote rural development.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Family farming

2014 is the International Year of Family Farming. What makes family farms so important is that they are the main producers of food consumed locally in both developed and developing countries. There are around 525 million family farmers, and they account for well over half of all agricultural production. Thus they play a crucial role in maintaining global food security. To raise awareness of this significance, but also to show governments and society what they have to do to support family farms in performing this important role is the notion behind the United Nations’ proclaiming the International Year of Family Farming.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Food losses

Roughly one third of the food produced globally for human consumption is lost or wasted – 1.3 billion tons per year. Even if these estimates are subject to numerous uncertainties, one thing is beyond doubt: every kilogramme of food that is produced but not consumed is one too many. For it embodies valuable, wasted resources such as land, water, agricultural inputs and energy, unnecessary CO2 emissions have been released into the atmosphere, farmers have lost not only income but also a valuable part of their nutrition, and consumers pay the increased prices that result. Our authors analyse the dimensions of these losses and the underlying complex web of causes and show how approaches have to be designed against the background of global challenges such as climate change and food security.


Articles:

A closer look at...

Food prices

Just three years after the 2007/2008 food price crisis, prices for staple foods and agricultural commodities are on the rise again. There is cause for concern about food security. The authors in this issue of Rural 21 have explored the following questions: What are the reasons for the new price increases? How are affected countries and the international community of states responding to the situation? How can future food (price) crises be prevented?


Articles:

A closer look at...

Fragility

Fragility is a huge challenge for rural development – and a very multifaceted one. Fragile states are lagging especially far behind in achieving the MDGs. In what ways do fragile states inhibit the development of rural regions, and how can these inhibitions be countered? What role can civil society play in overcoming internal or cross-border conflicts?


Articles:

    A closer look at...

    Gender

    In numerous publications, the FAO and the World Bank have emphasised that a country’s economic development could improve considerably if women were no longer barred access to important resources. However, despite individual success stories, there is still a long way to go.


    Articles:

    A closer look at...

    Health

    New infectious animal diseases that affect public health and have the capacity to cross borders will continue to emerge around the globe. These diseases could potentially develop human-to-human transmissibility; thus they incite public fear. A proactive approach to disease risk management that combines foresight, prevention, impact mitigation, early detection, and swift and effective responses is warranted.

    Articles:

    A closer look at...

    Knowledge sharing

    Over the last few decades, the range of agricultural extension and advisory services as well as the notions of which tools and methods are most suitable have seen fundamental changes. The concept of rural advising has long shifted from a linear transfer of technology to a pluralistic system of networks and innovations that brings the various stakeholders together and creates scope for mutual learning and exchange. More and more often, attempts are being made to move from the usual top-down transfer towards a demand-driven approach that actively involves farmers in the whole process – from prioritising and generating extension content to monitoring and evaluating the services. Regardless of the method or tool applied, it is ultimately always up to the farmers to make what they think is the right decision – and to hold responsibility for this decision.

    Articles:

    A closer look at...

    Land tenure

    Land is probably the most valuable asset that rural communities possess in the developing world. In this section, we present examples of how conflicts over land tenure and access to land can be solved against the background of different legal frameworks.

    Articles:

    A closer look at...

    Livestock

    The livestock sector creates livelihoods for an estimated one billion people world-wide. Not only is the consumption of milk, meat and eggs an important source of protein and micronutrients and hence a crucial pillar of food security for the rural poor in particular. For many people, the sale of animal products is the most important, if not the only, source of income. In addition, the animals are a significant multifunctional asset. They provide dung, raising soil fertility, they are simultaneously beasts of burden and tractors, and they represent “hoofed insurance”, not to mention the social prestige that they endow their owners with in several societies. In spite of its important role, animal production has been an unfavourable topic in the development debate – mainly because of its environmental impact. Our authors show the challenges confronting livestock keepers around the world and ways to address them.

     

    Articles:

    A closer look at...

    Marginality

    In overcoming hunger and poverty, a special focus must be given to marginalised rural communities –  those people living on the edge of society and having no or limited access to markets or networks to fulfil their basic needs.

    Articles:

    A closer look at...

    Marketing

    The reliable provision of high-value goods is just one aspect of developing value-added chains. It is equally important to create a stable demand. But consumer preferences first have to be established before marketing strategies can be focused.
     

    Articles:

    Displaying results 1 to 30 out of 44
    << First < Previous 1-30 31-44 Next > Last >>

    COMING EVENTS

    4 September 2015 - Maastricht, The Netherlands

    Managing African Agriculture: Markets, Linkages and Rural Economic Development

    Information: Website | Contact

    7-11 September 2015 - Durban, South Africa

    The XIV World Forestry Congress

    Information: Website | Contact

    16-18 September 2015 - Humboldt-University Berlin, Germany

    Tropentag 2015

    Information: Website | Contact

    4-7 October 2015 - Cape Town, South Africa

    SAIREC 2015 Conferences on Renewable Energy

    Information: Website | Contact

    4-7 October 2015- Rome,Italy

    The First International Congress on Postharvest Loss Prevention

    Information: Website  | Contact  

    4-10 October 2015 - Heidelberg University, Germany

    7th German-Brazilian Symposium for Sustainable Development - Interaction between earth resources and processes and human societies

    Information: Website | Contact  

    27-28 October 2015 - Berlin, Germany

    IEA Bioenergy Conference 2015

    Information: Website | Contact

    1-5 November 2015 - Antalya, Turkey

    2nd International Plant Breeding Congress

    Information: Website | Contact

    6-7 November 2015 - Hannover, Germany

    73th International Conference Agricultural Engineering

    Information: Website | Contact

    19-22 November 2015 - Crowne Plaza Manila Galleria Hotel Manila, Philippines

    Moringa Symposium and Congress

    Information: Website | Contact

    25 November  2015 - Berlin, Germany

    The Global Bioeconomy Summit (Call for Contributions - Interactive Session

    Information: Website | Contact

    17-22 July 2016 - Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

    Tenth International Rangeland Congress (IRC) “The Future Management of Grazing and Wild Lands in a High Tech World”

    Information: Website | Contact